Using the road (159 to 203)

General rules (159 to 161)

159

Before moving off you should

Move off only when it is safe to do so.

rule-159-check-the-blind-spot-before-moving-off

Rule 159: Check the blind spot before moving off

160

Once moving you should

161

Mirrors. All mirrors should be used effectively throughout your journey. You should

You will need to look round and check.

Remember: Mirrors – Signal – Manoeuvre

Overtaking (162 to 169)

162

Before overtaking you should make sure

163

Overtake only when it is safe and legal to do so. You should

Remember: Mirrors – Signal – Manoeuvre

rule-163-give-vulnerable-road-users-at-least-as-much-space-as-you-would-a-car

Rule 163: Give vulnerable road users at least as much space as you would a car

164

Large vehicles. Overtaking these is more difficult. You should

rule-164-do-not-cut-in-too-quickly

Rule 164: Do not cut in too quickly

165

You MUST NOT overtake

Laws RTA 1988 sect 36, TSRGD regs 10, 22, 23 & 24, ZPPPCRGD reg 24

166

DO NOT overtake if there is any doubt, or where you cannot see far enough ahead to be sure it is safe. For example, when you are approaching

167

DO NOT overtake where you might come into conflict with other road users. For example

168

Being overtaken. If a driver is trying to overtake you, maintain a steady course and speed, slowing down if necessary to let the vehicle pass. Never obstruct drivers who wish to pass. Speeding up or driving unpredictably while someone is overtaking you is dangerous. Drop back to maintain a two-second gap if someone overtakes and pulls into the gap in front of you.

169

Do not hold up a long queue of traffic, especially if you are driving a large or slow-moving vehicle. Check your mirrors frequently, and if necessary, pull in where it is safe and let traffic pass.

Road junctions (170 to 183)

170

Take extra care at junctions. You should

rule-170-give-way-to-pedestrians-who-have-started-to-cross

Rule 170: Give way to pedestrians who have started to cross

171

You MUST stop behind the line at a junction with a ‘Stop’ sign and a solid white line across the road. Wait for a safe gap in the traffic before you move off.

Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10 & 16

172

The approach to a junction may have a ‘Give Way’ sign or a triangle marked on the road. You MUST give way to traffic on the main road when emerging from a junction with broken white lines across the road.

Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10(1),16(1) & 25

173

Dual carriageways. When crossing or turning right, first assess whether the central reservation is deep enough to protect the full length of your vehicle.

rule-173-assess-your-vehicle-s-length-and-do-not-obstruct-traffic

Rule 173: Assess your vehicle’s length and do not obstruct traffic

174

Box junctions. These have criss-cross yellow lines painted on the road (download ‘Road markings’). You MUST NOT enter the box until your exit road or lane is clear. However, you may enter the box and wait when you want to turn right, and are only stopped from doing so by oncoming traffic, or by other vehicles waiting to turn right. At signalled roundabouts you MUST NOT enter the box unless you can cross over it completely without stopping.

Law TSRGD regs 10(1) & 29(2)

rule-174-enter-a-box-junction-only-if-your-exit-road-is-clear

Rule 174: Enter a box junction only if your exit road is clear

Junctions controlled by traffic lights

175

You MUST stop behind the white ‘Stop’ line across your side of the road unless the light is green. If the amber light appears you may go on only if you have already crossed the stop line or are so close to it that to stop might cause a collision.

Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10 & 36

176

You MUST NOT move forward over the white line when the red light is showing. Only go forward when the traffic lights are green if there is room for you to clear the junction safely or you are taking up a position to turn right. If the traffic lights are not working, treat the situation as you would an unmarked junction and proceed with great care.

Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10 & 36

177

Green filter arrow. This indicates a filter lane only. Do not enter that lane unless you want to go in the direction of the arrow. You may proceed in the direction of the green arrow when it, or the full green light shows. Give other traffic, especially cyclists, time and room to move into the correct lane.

rule-178-do-not-unnecessarily-encroach-on-the-cyclists-waiting-area

Rule 178: Do not unnecessarily encroach on the cyclists waiting area

178

Advanced stop lines. Some signal-controlled junctions have advanced stop lines to allow cycles to be positioned ahead of other traffic. Motorists, including motorcyclists, MUST stop at the first white line reached if the lights are amber or red and should avoid blocking the way or encroaching on the marked area at other times, e.g. if the junction ahead is blocked. If your vehicle has proceeded over the first white line at the time that the signal goes red, you MUST stop at the second white line, even if your vehicle is in the marked area. Allow cyclists time and space to move off when the green signal shows.

Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10, 36(1) & 43(2)

Turning right

179

Well before you turn right you should

180

Wait until there is a safe gap between you and any oncoming vehicle. Watch out for cyclists, motorcyclists, pedestrians and other road users. Check your mirrors and blind spot again to make sure you are not being overtaken, then make the turn. Do not cut the corner. Take great care when turning into a main road; you will need to watch for traffic in both directions and wait for a safe gap.

Remember: Mirrors – Signal – Manoeuvre

rule-180-position-your-vehicle-correctly-to-avoid-obstructing-traffic

Rule 180: Position your vehicle correctly to avoid obstructing traffic

181

When turning right at crossroads where an oncoming vehicle is also turning right, there is a choice of two methods

rule-181-left-turning-right-side-to-right-side-right-turning-left-side-to-left-side

Rule 181: Left - Turning right side to right side. Right - Turning left side to left side

Turning left

182

Use your mirrors and give a left-turn signal well before you turn left. Do not overtake just before you turn left and watch out for traffic coming up on your left before you make the turn, especially if driving a large vehicle. Cyclists, motorcyclists and other road users in particular may be hidden from your view.

rule-182-do-not-cut-in-on-cyclists

Rule 182: Do not cut in on cyclists

183

When turning

Roundabouts (184 to 190)

184

On approaching a roundabout take notice and act on all the information available to you, including traffic signs, traffic lights and lane markings which direct you into the correct lane. You should

185

When reaching the roundabout you should

rule-185-follow-the-correct-procedure-at-roundabouts

Rule 185: Follow the correct procedure at roundabouts

186

Signals and position. When taking the first exit, unless signs or markings indicate otherwise

When taking an exit to the right or going full circle, unless signs or markings indicate otherwise

When taking any intermediate exit, unless signs or markings indicate otherwise

When there are more than three lanes at the entrance to a roundabout, use the most appropriate lane on approach and through it.

187

In all cases watch out for and give plenty of room to

188

Mini-roundabouts. Approach these in the same way as normal roundabouts. All vehicles MUST pass round the central markings except large vehicles which are physically incapable of doing so. Remember, there is less space to manoeuvre and less time to signal. Avoid making U-turns at mini-roundabouts. Beware of others doing this.

Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10(1) & 16(1)

189

At double mini-roundabouts treat each roundabout separately and give way to traffic from the right.

190

Multiple roundabouts. At some complex junctions, there may be a series of mini-roundabouts at each intersection. Treat each mini-roundabout separately and follow the normal rules.

rule-190-treat-each-roundabout-separately

Rule 190: Treat each roundabout separately

Pedestrian crossings (191 to 199)

191

You MUST NOT park on a crossing or in the area covered by the zig-zag lines. You MUST NOT overtake the moving vehicle nearest the crossing or the vehicle nearest the crossing which has stopped to give way to pedestrians.

Laws ZPPPCRGD regs 18, 20 & 24, RTRA sect 25(5) & TSRGD regs 10, 27 & 28

192

In queuing traffic, you should keep the crossing clear.

rule-192-keep-the-crossing-clear

Rule 192: Keep the crossing clear

193

You should take extra care where the view of either side of the crossing is blocked by queuing traffic or incorrectly parked vehicles. Pedestrians may be crossing between stationary vehicles.

194

Allow pedestrians plenty of time to cross and do not harass them by revving your engine or edging forward.

195

Zebra crossings. As you approach a zebra crossing

A zebra crossing with a central island is two separate crossings (see pictures in Crossings (18 to 30)).

Law ZPPPCRGD reg 25

Signal-controlled crossings

196

Pelican crossings. These are signal-controlled crossings where flashing amber follows the red ‘Stop’ light. You MUST stop when the red light shows. When the amber light is flashing, you MUST give way to any pedestrians on the crossing. If the amber light is flashing and there are no pedestrians on the crossing, you may proceed with caution.

Laws ZPPPCRGD regs 23 & 26 & RTRA sect 25(5)

rule-196-allow-pedestrians-to-cross-when-the-amber-light-is-flashing

Rule 196: Allow pedestrians to cross when the amber light is flashing

197

Pelican crossings which go straight across the road are one crossing, even when there is a central island. You MUST wait for pedestrians who are crossing from the other side of the island.

Laws ZPPPCRGD reg 26 & RTRA sect 25(5)

198

Give way to anyone still crossing after the signal for vehicles has changed to green. This advice applies to all crossings.

199

Toucan, puffin and equestrian crossings. These are similar to pelican crossings, but there is no flashing amber phase; the light sequence for traffic at these three crossings is the same as at traffic lights. If the signal-controlled crossing is not working, proceed with extreme caution.

Reversing (200 to 203)

200

Choose an appropriate place to manoeuvre. If you need to turn your vehicle around, wait until you find a safe place. Try not to reverse or turn round in a busy road; find a quiet side road or drive round a block of side streets.

201

Do not reverse from a side road into a main road. When using a driveway, reverse in and drive out if you can.

rule-202-check-all-round-when-reversing

Rule 202: Check all round when reversing

202

Look carefully before you start reversing. You should

Reverse slowly while

Get someone to guide you if you cannot see clearly.

203

You MUST NOT reverse your vehicle further than necessary.

Law CUR reg 106



Annex 4 - The road user and the law

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